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Abstract

Background: Children's health-related quality of life (CHRQoL) involves a child's aim, expectations, standards, or concerns regarding overall health and its domains. The Kiddy-KINDL questionnaire is a tool to measure CHRQoL from information directly derived from children. It has been translated to various languages, except Filipino. This study would provide Filipino healthcare professionals with another functional tool for pediatric evaluation. Objective: To translate the English version of Kiddy-KINDL to Filipino and to determine its validity, test-retest reliability, and internal consistency of the Kiddy-KINDL in assessing the children's health-related quality of life (CHRQoL). Methods: The study involved 3 Phases: Translation, Pilot Testing, and Reliability Phase. The English version of Kiddy-KINDL was cross-culturally adapted and translated into Filipino through a forward and backward translation process. Face validity was performed with 40 participants during the pilot testing phase. Test-retest reliability testing was performed with a total of 116 pairs of children, ages four to six, and their guardian living in Metropolitan Manila. Results: In phases 1 and 2, there were a total of 5 versions before the final Filipino version was considered acceptable. In phase 3, the test-retest reliability score of each dimension ranged from 0.18 to 0.98. The total reliability scores were 0.77 and 0.98 for adults and children, respectively. The internal consistency score was found to be acceptable in both questionnaires. Conclusion: The Filipino-translated Kiddy-KINDL has acceptable face validity results, test-retest reliability, and internal consistency scores.

Author Bio(s)

Arlene Chiong Maya, MSPT, PTRP, is an assistant professor in the BS Physical Therapy program in the University of Santo Tomas whose research interests include pediatric physical therapy and outcome measure tools.

Bettina Alessandra Mamuric is a Physical Therapy intern in the University of Santo Tomas. Her research interests are outcome measurement tools, pediatric rehabilitation, neurorehabilitation, and physical therapy interventions.

Joan Paula Pascua is is a graduate of the BS Physical Therapy Program of University of Santo Tomas whose research interests include pediatric physical therapy and outcome measure tools.

Nathali Tigas is a Physical Therapy intern at the University of Santo Tomas. Research interests include allied health sciences, physical therapy, and physical therapy interventions.

Christopher Albert Baylan is a Physical Therapy intern at the University of Santo Tomas. His research interests include Pediatric and Sports Physical Therapy.

Maria Patricia Casaclang is a Physical Therapy intern at the University of Santo Tomas. Her research interests include pediatric physical therapy intervention.

Isabela Mariel De Venecia is a Physical Therapy intern at the University of Santo Tomas. Her research interests include pediatric physical therapy and outcome measure tools.

Lorenzo Miguel Gonzales is a graduate of the BS Physical Therapy Program of University of Santo Tomas whose research interests include pediatric physical therapy and outcome measure tools.

Gedrich Israel Jacob is a graduate of the BS Physical Therapy Program of University of Santo Tomas whose research interests include pediatric physical therapy and outcome measure tools.

Shaun Lucas Lee is a Physical Therapy intern in the University of Santo Tomas whose research interests include pediatric physical therapy and outcome measure tools.

Gabriel Lua is a Physical Therapy intern at the University of Santo Tomas whose research interests include pediatric physical therapy and outcome measure tools.

Karleen Eve Nieva is a graduate of the BS Physical Therapy Program of University of Santo Tomas whose research interests include pediatric physical therapy and outcome measure tools.

Socrates Pangilinan is a graduate of the BS Physical Therapy Program of University of Santo Tomas whose research interests include pediatric physical therapy and outcome measure tools.

Vincent Pascual is a graduate of the BS Physical Therapy Program of University of Santo Tomas whose research interests include pediatric physical therapy and outcome measure tools.

Ma. Andrea Isabelle Paule is a Physical Therapy intern at the University of Santo Tomas. Her research interests include pediatric rehabilitation and outcome measure tools.

Mariam Ayesha Rodriguez is a graduate of the BS Physical Therapy Program of University of Santo Tomas whose research interests include pediatric physical therapy and outcome measure tools.

Codie Lanz Sioson is a Physical Therapy intern at the University of Santo Tomas. His research interests include pediatric physical therapy, telerehabilitation, and outcome measure tools.

Kate Tating is a Physical Therapy intern at the University of Santo Tomas. Her research interests are pediatric physical therapy, outcome measure tools and physical therapy interventions.

Nicole Tigas is a graduate of the BS Physical Therapy Program of University of Santo Tomas whose research interests include pediatric physical therapy and outcome measure tools.

Eugene Tolentino is a graduate of the BS Physical Therapy Program of University of Santo Tomas whose research interests include pediatric physical therapy and outcome measure tools.

Acknowledgements

The researchers would like to express their gratitude and appreciation to all those who made the completion of this study possible, and their indebtedness to the following people in particular: To the administration of the University of Santo Tomas - College of Rehabilitation Sciences, Prof. Valentin III C. Dones, PhD and Inst. Maria Christen Rogelio, MBA for their guidance throughout every stage of this study; To Manila Social Welfare Department for their assistance in participant recruitment and data gathering; To all relatives and friends for their endless support in one way or another; and Above all, to the Great Almighty, for His bountiful love and wisdom.

 
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