Purpose: Simulation in physiotherapy education is increasing, but a standardised assessment tool for student performance in simulation has not been developed. The Assessment of Physiotherapy Practice (APP) is a validated tool for student performance in the clinical workplace, and has been used recently for simulation despite its relevance for this context being unknown. The purpose of the study was to gain consensus about which APP items should be included in a tool to assess physiotherapy students’ performance in simulation. The relevance of items was considered for both single patient encounters, and longitudinal (multiple) encounters. Methods: An online Delphi approach used a custom designed survey. A purposive sample of physiotherapists with simulation experience was recruited via email. Two rounds were undertaken with consensus being reached when at least 80% of the panel agreed on inclusion or exclusion of an item. Results: Twenty participants responded in the first round and fourteen in the second (70% retention). For longitudinal simulations, all APP items reached consensus in the first round. For single patient simulation encounters, consensus was not reached in the first round for the following items: commitment to learning (61%), teamwork (76%) and discharge planning (72%). In the second round, consensus for ‘teamwork’ remained the only item below eighty percent agreement (78.6%). Conclusions: The APP was deemed to be an appropriate measure for longitudinal clinical simulations, and with the exclusion of teamwork, for a single patient simulation encounter.
Jones A, Mandrusiak A, Judd B, Gordon C, Alison J. Investigating a Physiotherapy Clinical Simulation Assessment Tool Using The Delphi Approach. The Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice. 2017 Jun 29;15(3), Article 3.