Issues related to professionalism have come to the fore in health professions education. Strategies designed to evaluate and increase components of professionalism are now of interest to educators. Skills in improving levels of professionalism can be accurately assessed and taught. Professionalism encompasses attributes of compassion and integrity. Tools to measure indices of compassion have been developed. There are three critical stages in which attributes of compassion and integrity can be assessed: prior to admission, during education, and graduation standards. One effective means of transferring skills related to professionalism is modeling. Health professions educators need to be more aware of the issues related to the assessment of elements of professionalism.

Author Bio(s)

Dr. Randy Danielsen is Dean and Professor at the Arizona School of Health Sciences.

Mr. James Cawley is a professor and director of the PA/MPH Program at The George Washington University.


The authors express their appreciation to: Suzanne Brown, Albert F. Simon, Eric Sauers, Bernadette Mineo, Curt Bay, Tabitha Parent-Buck, Michael Goodwin, Wendy Stierwalt, and David Wayne.




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