Purpose: It is important to understand the benefits of exercise for patients with Parkinson's. Methods: A literature search in MEDLINE, CINAHL, WEB of SCIENCE, and Cochrane database was carried out. In this particular study, we focused on the articles that reflected the effectiveness and efficacy of exercise on PD patients. Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) were included for the review to investigate the various modes and effectiveness of exercise being offered to PD patients. Results: 10 published RCTs were included in the review, and they were rated as high quality by the PEDro Scale. The RCTs involved 579 patients altogether. The 10 RCTs indicated 5 specific core areas of exercise that include flexibility, muscle strengthening, gait, balance, and physical conditioning. These core areas of exercise appear to support the physical, psychological, and sociological aspects of the life of PD patients. A range of functional and appropriate outcome measures were chosen and the outcomes showed beneficial effects of exercise on PD patients. Conclusion: Exercise appears to provide benefits for physical functioning and health-related quality of life of people with PD. Further study needs to be conducted to establish efficacy of exercise (e.g., meta-analytic SR or further trials).




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