Recent years have witnessed an increasing focus on water as a source of explicit and implicit conflicts. Water-related conflicts are partly attributed to water mismanagement that escalates water stress and conflicts. Despite this development, our current knowledge on local water conflicts within the context of water policy reforms in developing countries is limited. Given the implications of water-related conflicts on human and water security, it is essential to consider the factors influencing local water conflicts as a means to improve conflict prevention and peacebuilding in water development. Using a transdisciplinary mixed methodological approach, this article analyses variables influencing local water conflicts under community-based water management. The variables, found to influence conflicts, are broadly categorized as institutional related factors. Drawing from the results, devolution of responsibilities to local users is necessary but not a sufficient condition to guarantee cooperation and peacebuilding towards sustainable safe water security.

Author Bio(s)

Resty Naiga

College of Humanities and Social Sciences,

Department of Development Studies,

Makerere University, P.O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda

resty.naiga@hotmail.com or resty.naiga@.mak.ac.ug

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7814-4635

Author’s Bio

Naiga Resty is a Senior Lecturer at Makerere University, Department of Development Studies, the College of Humanities and Social Sciences. She has a PhD in Social and Economic Sciences from University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna, Austria; Masters in Development Studies from University College Dublin, Ireland and Bachelor of Social Sciences from Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda. She has researched and published in the areas of natural resources governance, institutional analysis and development, gender and collective-action using transdisciplinary participatory research design and mixed methods approach.


natural resource conflict; peacebuilding; water security; collective action; community-based water management, rural Uganda





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