Do armed conflicts in the contemporary post-Cold War period reflect a clash of civilizations (CoC) as predicted by Samuel Huntington? This study substantially broadens and temporally extends the scope of major extant quantitative tests of the CoC thesis by assessing not only interactions among states but also interactions between states and non-state armed groups, from 1989 to 2015. Based on Chi-square and logistic regression tests, this study does not find empirical support for the CoC thesis as a basis for adopting foreign policies of civilizational containment.

Author Bio(s)

Afa’anwi Ma’abo Che is a winner of Johns Hopkins University's School of Advanced International Studies - China Africa Research Initiative (SAIS-CARI) research fellowship for 2019. He holds a Ph.D in Politics (with specialization in International Relations) from Swansea University, UK. Che is the Deputy Director of Postgraduate Studies and a Senior Lecturer in International Relations and Peace Studies at Kampala International University (KIU), Uganda. He has previously served as a teaching fellow at Swansea University, UK and as a lecturer, Director of Research, and Dean of Student Affairs at Kwararafa University, Nigeria. He regularly contributes to coding data on several African states for the Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) Index, the world’s largest democracy measurement project.


clash of civilizations, Samuel Huntington, armed conflict

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