Since 1947, Baloch have resisted inclusion into the Pakistan and have waged several waves of ethno-nationalist insurgency against the state. Scholars and Baloch nationalist leaders alike generally assert that Baloch are more secular than other Pakistanis, more opposed to the political Islamist policies pursued by the state, and less supportive of Islamist militancy in the country. However, these claims lack empirical support. We employ data derived from a large national survey of Pakistanis from 2012 to evaluate these conventional wisdoms. Contrary to claims in the literature, we find that Baloch resemble Pakistanis generally with few important exceptions.
Balochistan, political Islam, insurgency, support for Islamist militancy
Fair, C. Christine and Hamza, Ali
"Rethinking Baloch Secularism: What the Data Say,"
Peace and Conflict Studies: Vol. 24:
1, Article 1.
Available at: https://nsuworks.nova.edu/pcs/vol24/iss1/1