This paper discusses the interface between violence in the Niger Delta, global energy security and amnesty granted to armed groups by the Nigerian government. The author notes the impact of the violence on energy infrastructure and brings to the fore how the violence endangers energy security. Thus far, a major concern is that the amnesty program will fail because it was not preceded by negotiations between the government and combatants. The author questions this view and points outs that before the amnesty proclamation, several negotiations through committees and commissions involving stakeholders had been done. The paper thus argues that it cannot be entirely correct to conclude that there were no negotiations before the amnesty program was proclaimed. Further, it argues that the issue of negotiation cannot be as important as the failure of government to tackle the fundamental issues which triggered the conflict. The deepening of the country’s democracy to ensure that votes count at elections is seen as the most likely option to guarantee the success of the amnesty program and secure the region and energy security.

Author Bio(s)

Ibaba Samuel Ibaba is affiliated with the Department of Political Science at Niger Delta University, where he lectures on Political Science and engages in research focused on conflict resolution, peacebuilding and development. He can be contacted at: eminoaibaba or at Department of Political Science, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, P.O. BOX 1529, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.


amnesty program, energy security, frustration-aggression trap, militia violence, Nigeria’s Niger Delta, oil-producing companies, peacebuilding

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