This paper explores the role of identity-based, or discriminatory, policy in facilitating the outbreak of ethnopolitical violence in India. A discriminatory policy is the merging of communal group identity with the state apparatus. It is argued that as the Indian government enacts policies beneficial or discriminatory to particular identity groups within the country, other groups feel threatened. Groups who feel disadvantaged by the policy may begin to fear for their own security and political interests motivating them to rebel. When focusing on Indian policy and ethnopolitical violence during the period 1945 to 2000, the authors find that, although there are many cases of seemingly spontaneous episodes of violence, when identitybased policies do occur, they are often followed by violence and/or protest.
Lounsbery, Marie Olson and Pearson, Frederic S.
"Policy-Making and Connections to Violence: A Case Study of India,"
Peace and Conflict Studies: Vol. 10
, Article 2.
Available at: https://nsuworks.nova.edu/pcs/vol10/iss2/2