The purpose of this study is to examine the views of teachers on the number and situation of women in STEM areas as well as ways to encourage female students to STEM areas. We carried out the study through basic qualitative research. The participants of the study included 39 teachers from Turkey, Italy, Spain, Greece, and Romania. For data collection, focus group interviews were carried out in each country. The collected data were analyzed through content analysis. The study yielded similar findings in almost all the countries showing that the number of women was not sufficient, and the participants mostly had negative views regarding the visibility of women, gender equality, and societal roles posed to women. We found that female students could be encouraged to STEM areas through the use of appropriate role models who carried some inborn and achieved traits.
STEM, female students, encouraging female students to STEM, basic qualitative research
Acknowledgements: Thanks to our Project Partners: Şükran Ülgezen Vocational and Technical Anatolian High School, Challedu, AIJU, CASA Corpului Didactic Teleorman and EUPHORIA.NET who helped to gather the data from five different countries. Declarations: The datasets used and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request. The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Funding: This study is funded by Turkish National Agency with the number of 2019-1-TR01-KA201-074648 as a European Union Project, FEMALES. Author Contributions: A. Kaplan-Sayı participated in the study's design: conceptualization, methodology, data curation, writing – original draft preparation, writing – review and editing, visualization, and supervision. N. Yurtseven participated in the study's design, conceptualization, methodology, analyzed the data, validation, investigation, data curation, writing – original draft preparation, writing – review and editing. Ş. Karadeniz and Sinem Vatanartıran participated in the study's design, methodology, collaborated on interpreting the results, visualization, and supervision. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.
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Recommended APA Citation
Kaplan Sayı, A., Yurtseven, N., Karadeniz, Ş., & Vatanartıran, S. (2023). Unraveling the Situation of Women in STEM Areas from the European Teacher Perspective: Insights from FEMALES Project. The Qualitative Report, 28(5), 1429-1451. https://doi.org/10.46743/2160-3715/2023.5855