Every different community has different family educational goals. The educational goals can encourage forming a lifestyle that becomes the identity of a particular community, as is the case in the middle-class Muslim family community in Indonesia. While there is no caste system in Indonesia, middle-class Muslim communities have found ways to merge Islamic values and privilege into a new subgroup. This phenomenon mainly appears in urban areas with more advanced socio-economic development than other areas, such as Yogyakarta. This study explores factors that drive the choice of schools for children of middle-class Muslim families in Indonesia. We used qualitative research methods in the data collection and data analysis process. Participants in this study are seven parents from several modern Islamic-based elementary schools in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The results show, factors that drive the choice of schools for children of the middle-class family in Indonesia are connectivity between the goals of education in schools and the goals of family education is to build good children’s morals based on Islamic values and to provide a balanced provision of both religious and non-religious knowledge for the future welfare of their children.


middle-class Muslims, family, education goals, Indonesia, qualitative

Author Bio(s)

Enung Hasanah is a researcher and a lecturer at the Educational Management of Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. She received her Doctor of Philosophy in Educational Sciences – Social Science Education from Yogyakarta State University, Indonesia. Enung Hasanah also a member of BAN SM Propinsi Yogyakarta (National Accreditation Council for School/Madrasa Special Region of Yogyakarta). Her major research interests include social science, educational psychology, educational science, and culture. Please direct correspondence to enung.hasanah@mp.uad.ac.id.

M. Ikhwan Albadar is a researcher and student in the Japanese Language Education study program at Muhammadiyah University of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. In addition, Badar is also the founder of CV SRPI (srpii.org), which manages various academic activities regarding educational research, language, and social humanities. Please direct correspondence to m.ikhwan.fpb20@mail.umy.ac.id

M. Ikhsan Al Ghazy is a researcher in education and natural sciences. Ghazy is a student in the master’s program in Biology Education at Yogyakarta State University, Indonesia. Please direct correspondence to mikhsan.2020@student.uny.ac.id

Publication Date


Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 International License.




https://orcid.org/ 0000-0003-4899-7789



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.