Everyone can achieve life success if they can fulfil the prerequisites. There is no dominant factor that determines success, but the strength of character can be an essential asset that is not in doubt. This study aims to explore the Yahanu character strengths in the phenomenon of achieving life success of three santri, graduates of the same pesantren (Islamic boarding school) in Indonesia. We design this research with a phenomenological approach. We collected the data through in-depth interviews, then transcribed it verbatim into a solid description, and analyzed it through descriptive-psychological phenomenological analysis procedures. The findings show that: (1) Yahanu is more of a performance character than a moral character; (2) Five traits that become Yahanu's elements: courage, confidence, efficacy, learning readiness, and grit drive the spirit of leadership, pioneering, activism, and risk-taking; and (3) The intersection of the four strengthens the skills to think/act strategically, adapt, be creative, and communicate. These findings further prove a strong correlation between character strength and life success, which is helpful for parents, education practitioners, and policymakers to design character education, especially at primary and secondary levels.


life success, phenomenology, performance character, santri, yahanu

Author Bio(s)

Saiful Amien (https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7621-2398) is a Doctoral Student at the Department of Instructional Technology - Universitas Negeri Malang, and he is a lecturer at the Department of Islamic Education - Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia. He may be contacted at amien75@umm.ac.id

Punaji Setyosari (https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0187-9785) is currently a Professor at the Department of Instructional Technology - Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia. He may be contacted at punaji.setyosari.fip@um.ac.id

Nurul Murtadho (https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1880-8609) is currently a Professor at the Departement of Arabic Literature - Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia. He may be contacted at nurul.murtadho.fs@um.ac.id

Sulton is currently an Associate Professor at the Department of Instructional Technology - Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia. E-mail: sulton.fip@um.ac.id

Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Saiful Amien, Department of Instructional Technology, Universitas Negeri Malang & Department of Islamic Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia. Email: amien75@umm.ac.id


This research was sponsored by the Ministry of Religion of the Republic of Indonesia through the 5000 Doctoral Scholarship Program (MORA) collaborating with Universitas Negeri Malang.

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