Many farmers' empowerment has failed because the process is rigid, instructive, and uses too many techniques that are not following the local conditions of the community. Therefore, the empowerment process must be improved to be able to make farmers empowered and independent. For this reason, it is necessary to explore how the learning process and the involvement of actor in the empowerment process are needed. The subjects of this study consisted of eight farmers and one empowerment actor. The method used is qualitative through in-depth interviews, observation, and document review. All data were transcribed, organized, then analyzed to produce conclusions. The findings of this study include: (1) Empowerment of coffee farmers is carried out with a situated learning strategy so that the knowledge and skills of farmers are easily developed; (2) Empowerment actor encourage farmer participation through the use of coffee farmers' social networks so that social solidarity is realized among coffee farmers; (3) The habit of coffee farmers supports the empowerment process and is free to explore their ideas; (4) Technology supports empowerment and makes the learning process more attractive to coffee farmers.


empowerment, situated learning, farmers' habitus, technology, social capital, rural community, local knowledge, case study

Author Bio(s)

All researchers are from Indonesia, and all three are equally interested in empowerment, social learning, and non-formal education.

A. Hasdiansyah is the first author and is currently pursuing a doctoral program at Yogyakarta State University. Some of the works and topics taught at his home campus, Universitas Muhammadiyah Parepare, are empowerment. The first author is also active in various farmer empowerment activities in his area and has experience conducting qualitative research. The first author conducted data collection through interviews and intensive observations in the field. Please direct correspondence to ahasdiansyah@gmail.com.

The second author is Sugito, an Associate Professor and Doctor of Adult Learning—experienced in qualitative research and adult learning. In this study, Sugito helped analyze the data and finalize the research paper. Please direct correspondence to sugito@uny.ac.id.

The third author is Yoyon Suryono, a professor who has expertise in non-formal education and the evaluation of educational policies. Yoyon Suryono has experience in qualitative research and evaluation of non-formal education programs. Yoyon Suryono assisted in drafting the research flow and reviewing the final research paper. Please direct correspondence to ysuryo@uny.ac.id.


Thank you to all farmers in Pattongko Village, Central Sinjai District, Sinjai Regency, South Sulawesi for their time and willingness to be interviewed and become informants of this research.

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