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Abstract

Not all people with disabilities are provided with assistive technologies and devices (ATD) they need. The Russian researchers appeal to the development of assistive technologies, however, focus only on one specific social objective of ATD provision or on engineering, economic and production aspects of the problem. This study identifies the key determinants of the development of the assistive technologies market in Russia and trends over the next 10–15 years. We conducted a qualitative study using a grounded theory based on open and axial coding procedure. We collected data using semi-structured interviews with 12 experts recruited through snowball sampling with multiple entry points. The results show that the focus on the development of individual rehabilitation programs, individual fitting of devices, the increasing demand for measures of medical and social support for people with disabilities create conditions for the growth of demand for ATD. Changes in the paying capacity of the population, the rules of budget financing, as well as the population's attitude towards the inclusion of people with disabilities in everyday activities, the labor market, education will also cause changes in demand for ATD.

Keywords

Assistive Technologies and Devices, Technical Aids of Rehabilitation, People with Disabilities, Russian Markets, Disabilities, Technological Advances, Social Inclusion, Semi-Structured Interviews, Grounded Theory Methodology, Social Policy

Author Bio(s)

Aleksandra Goriainova – Doctoral Student of Faculty of Social Sciences, Junior Research Fellow, Centre for Studies of Income and Living Standards, Institute for Social Policy, National Research University Higher School of Economics. Address: 20 Myasnitskaya str., Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation. Correspondence regarding this article can also be addressed directly to: agoryajnova@hse.ru.

Alina Pishnyak – Candidate of Sciences, Associated Professor of Faculty of Social Sciences, Center Director, Centre for Studies of Income and Living Standards, Institute for Social Policy, National Research University Higher School of Economics. Address: 20 Myasnitskaya str., Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation. Correspondence regarding this article can be addressed directly to: apishniak@hse.ru.

Elena Khabirova – Junior Research Fellow, Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge, National Research University Higher School of Economics. Address: 20 Myasnitskaya str., Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation. Correspondence regarding this article can be addressed directly to: etochilina@hse.ru.

Acknowledgements

The study is conducted as a part of the Basic Research Program at the National Research University Higher School of Economics and a part of the research “Analysis and Evaluation of the Development of the Market of Assistive Technologies and Devices in the Russian Federation” (Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge of the Higher School of Economics).

Publication Date

8-10-2020

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 License.

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