We outline a guide for facilitating face-to-face in-depth interviews without the use of electronic recording devices in criminal justice research. It is designed to provide researchers with step-by-step directions they can follow to conduct interviews when recording equipment is not available, not allowed, or not used due to other reasons. In-depth interviews are common in qualitative criminal justice research but require researchers to be highly flexible and adaptive. When interviews are conducted on sensitive issues or carried out in high security environments, recording devices may not be permitted or welcomed. This protocol aims to make the interviews more structured, systematic and organized when electronic recording devices are not used in an attempt to enhance the accuracy and transparency. These guidelines were developed based on practical and theoretical foundations.
Total Quality Framework, Qualitative, No Recording, Recording Interviews, Crime Research, Protocol
The authors thank Mr Chang Tiam Chau, Senior Library Manager of Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman for his assistance in the acquisition reference materials. We are grateful to all our undergraduate and graduate student assistants, and the hundreds of participants from criminal justice populations who participated in our projects without whom this work would not have been possible.
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Recommended APA Citation
Cheah, P., Unnithan, N., & Sandela Raran, A. (2019). Interviewing Criminal Justice Populations without Electronic Recording Devices: A Guide. The Qualitative Report, 24(4), 705-716. https://doi.org/10.46743/2160-3715/2019.3641