The evolution of the use of technology in the foreign language classroom has proven to be a challenge. In this paper, we highlight a study whose purpose is to understand how one retired foreign language educator reflected on the ways in which she integrated different modes of technology in her classroom. In this interview study, the participant discussed how technology has evolved in the span of her twenty-year career as a foreign language educator and how she integrated various technologies as they evolved in her classroom. The researchers employed a modified van Kaam method as defined by Moustakas (1994) to analyze the data collected through phenomenological interviews. The results revealed a complex negotiation process, a thoughtful reflection of advantages and disadvantages of technology integration in foreign language classrooms, and the value of understanding the cyclical nature of technology integration in education.


Foreign Language, Technology, Technology Integration, Phenomenology

Author Bio(s)

Nilsa Becho Sullivan is a doctoral student in Curriculum and Instruction in Texas A & M University in Corpus Christi. She has been deeply invested in technology integrated literacy practices, especially within the areas of foreign language instruction. Correspondence regarding this article can be addressed directly to: Texas A & M University – Corpus Christi, Educational Leadership, Curriculum and Instruction: 6300 Ocean Drive, Unit 5834, Corpus Christi, Texas, 78412-5384; Email: nbecho47@hotmail.com.

Kakali Bhattacharya is an Associate Professor at Kansas State University and has been working as a qualitative research methodologist for ten years. Her interests are in arts-based research, de/colonizing and contemplative epistemologies, transnational issues of race, class, and gender in higher education, and technology-integrated learning and social environments. Correspondence regarding this article can also be addressed directly to: the Department of Educational Leadership, Bluemont Hall 321, 1100 Mid-Campus Drive, Kansas State University; Manhattan, KS 66506; Email: kakalibh@ksu.edu.

Publication Date


Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 International License.





To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.