Pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) is the intersection of a teacher’s knowledge of content, pedagogy, and of the context of the learning situation, including her students. Many different methods have been used by researchers to study PCK. We propose that PCK cannot be measured through one approach. Rather, it is more accurately measured by triangulating data gathered through observation of instructional events, teacher interviews, and assessments of content knowledge. This is illustrated through a case study of Maria, a paraeducator leading small group reading intervention lessons in a kindergarten classroom over a period of 10 weeks.


Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Elementary, Paraeducator, Literacy Intervention, Case Study

Author Bio(s)

Ann Morrison is an Assistant Professor of Special Education at Metropolitan State University of Denver. She earned her BA at the University of California at Berkeley, an MA in Special Education at the University of Colorado at Denver, and her Ph.D. in Literacy Curriculum and Instruction at the University of Colorado at Boulder. Ann¹s research interests include pedagogical content knowledge and reading for information. Correspondence regarding this article can be addressed directly to: Ann D. Morrison at, Teacher Education Department, Metropolitan State University of Denver, Campus Box 21, P.O. Box 173362, Denver, CO 80217-3362; E-mail: cmorri46@msudenver.edu

Kathleen Luttenegger is an Associate Professor in Elementary Education and Literacy at Metropolitan State University of Denver. She completed her BA at Mount Holyoke College, MA in Special Education from Columbia University, MBA with a focus on Educational Administration from the University of Denver, and a PhD in Curriculum and Instruction from the University of Colorado at Boulder. Kathleen is a National Board Certified Teacher in the area of Middle Childhood (grades 2-5), Generalist. Her research interests include connecting field experiences with coursework for preservice teachers and formative assessment practices.

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