Date of Award


Document Type

Thesis - NSU Access Only

Degree Name

Master of Science


Center for Advancement of Education


Vocabulary Development, Sight Vocabulary, Sight Word, Recognition, Word Study Skills, Dolch Word Lists, Learning Disabilities, Cross-age Tutoring, Peer Tutoring, Tutors, Peer Relationships, Peer Acceptance, Low Achievement, Resource Room Programs.


The problem addressed in this practicum was the significant deficit in recognition of sight word vocabulary among Primary Resource room students partially due to insufficient exposure to the words, little positive reinforcement, and a lack of consistent practice providing the correct responses. The method devised to remedy this deficit was to implement a ten week, cross-age tutoring program in which the Resource students were drilled for 10 minutes daily on the Dolch Basic Sight Word Vocabulary, the Queen's Vocabulary List, and supplemental word lists with positive verbal, and correct-response reinforcement by fifth grade tutors. Student tutors were selected from low achieving students who were achieving significantly below predicted potential due to low self-esteem or lack of motivation and were suffering social inadequacies. Growth was measured by teacher observation and comparison of the student's growth in recognition of the sight word vocabularies in the pre-test administered before the ten week research period and a post-test upon completion. The individual score differences were tabulated and compared to the expected 90-100% mastery at level indicated on Individual Education Programs. Student tutors were evaluated by a pre- and post-tutorial testimonial written by their teachers, evaluating their general academic status, self-esteem, social interactions and success motivation factors with gains recorded in one or more of these areas.

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