Data collection is one of the initial steps in almost all research practices. This study describes the challenges and issues faced by a researcher, in a developing country like Pakistan, during the execution of time-use research on nurses and paramedics, working in public sector hospitals of District Bahawalpur. We collected the data from the year 2018 to 2021, in three phases from 364 participants. Obstacles faced included: non-cooperative behavior of health department officials, non-response, reluctance, disinformation and misinterpretation on behalf of participants during working hours or after working hours and limited resources regarding funds and time. This paper also highlights the social and religious restrictions & obligations of being a female, Muslim researcher in fieldwork. It also includes the problems faced during COVID-19 confinement. This article may help novice researchers, especially from developing countries who are planning to execute field research on nurses and paramedics.


research obstacles, data collection challenges, fieldwork, Pakistan

Author Bio(s)

Humera Gul is a PhD in Statistics and currently serves as Associate Professor in the Higher Education Department at Govt. Graduate College for Women, Dubai Mahal Road, Bahawalpur, Pakistan. Please direct correspondence to humeragul3@gmail.com

Syed Shakir Ali Ghazali is Professor of Statistics (R) in the Department of Statistics at The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan. Please direct correspondence to shakir.ghazali@gmail.com

Huma Qasim is a PhD in Statistics and currently serves as Assistant Statistical Officer with the District Health Authority, Bahawalpur, Pakistan. Please direct correspondence to huma.qasim89@yahoo.com

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 International License.





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