A political discussion has recently erupted over the return of migrant kayayei (head porters) from Northern Ghana. Return migrants were studied meagrely with regard to their reintegration process, skills acquired at their destinations, and chances for productive engagement. These chances allow the return migrants to pursue socially desirable goals. This study attempts to answer the questions pertaining to why migrants remain at home in terms of their experiences in the reintegration process and the reasons for re-migration. The purpose of this study was to explore how the socioeconomic environment of home communities aids the reintegration of return migrants from Ghana's Northern Region. Eighty-nine (89) return migrants from eight districts in Northern Ghana were selected using snowball sampling and their reintegration processes investigated. To analyze the process of reintegration of return migrants, the study adopted the interpretivist and ethnography research design under which qualitative case study approach was used to collect data. Thematic analysis was applied in analysing the qualitative data. The study discovered that some return migrants were eager to stay in their home communities after returning home, not because of greater economic prospects, but because of improved social considerations. They will re-migrate, however, if the individual places a high value on economic factors and the destination offers greater economic possibilities. However, if we want return migrants to stay in their hometowns, government has to increase the job opportunities in their home communities with healthy economic possibilities.
return migrants, social networks, reintegration, Northern Ghana, Kayayei, qualitative study, interpretivist approach
The team are grateful to the Ethical Committee of the Presbyterian University College, Ghana for providing the ethical clearance for this study to be undertaken.
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Recommended APA Citation
Adu-Okoree, B. I., Sedegah, D. D., Joel Premkumar, P. J., & McApreko, P. F. (2023). Reintegration of Return Migrants in Northern Ghana and their Remigration Decisions: A Qualitative Study. The Qualitative Report, 28(6), 1641-1659. https://doi.org/10.46743/2160-3715/2023.5778