As Thailand becomes an aged society it is important to promote advancements in geriatric medicine to provide the best care for older individuals. The right assistive facilities and household mobility equipment are essential for everyday activities. The use of home adaptations and assistive products can maximize the quality of life for older individuals and make life more convenient for those with disabilities. This study aimed to investigate the experience of occupational therapists, using home adaptations and assistive products. An individual interview was conducted with eight occupational therapists who worked at regional hospitals and centers of excellence throughout Thailand using a qualitative study. The results were interpreted through thematic analysis. Five main themes emerged: (1) empowering independent living at home, (2) accident prevention and safety, (3) family financial constraints and barriers, (4) availability and accessibility of products, and (5) matching products with clients’ capabilities and needs. Based on an occupational therapy approach, this study examines Thailand's needs for home adaptations and assistive products, as well as barriers to accessing those products and services. Through a contribution to knowledge and information based on occupational therapists' experience, the laws and regulations regarding home adaptations and assistive products for people with disabilities can be improved. Additionally, the interdisciplinary team and authorities involved in this issue should also collaborate to formulate guidelines for home adaptations and assistive products for older individuals and persons with disabilities in the future.
disabilities, older individuals, home adaptation, assistive products, occupational therapist, qualitative research
This research project was supported by the Faculty of Physical Therapy, at Mahidol University. Research participants, parents and teachers were gratefully acknowledged. We also would like to thank our occupational therapy students including Ms. Thanchanok Srirungroj, Mr. Supatchai Choosuahung and Ms. Chaowanee Pothongkum for their kind help.
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Recommended APA Citation
Thichanpiang, P., Sansri, V., Thongchoomsin, S., Juntorn, S., Wangkawan, T., Sorasak, S., Baramee, P., Permpoonputtana, K., Thawisuk, C., Nopparat, C., & Kaunnil, A. (2023). Occupational Therapists' Experience of Using Home Adaptation and Assistive Products as Interventions for Older Individuals and Persons with Disabilities in Thailand. The Qualitative Report, 28(3), 761-783. https://doi.org/10.46743/2160-3715/2023.5751