Lack of a common language between researcher and participants, especially when participants speak different languages, complicates and makes the qualitative research process more difficult. Since language is the vehicle through which meaning is eventually communicated to the reader, interpretation and translation are essential to qualitative research. The researcher must adopt the principal tenets of cross language research to extrapolate the knowledge to all the spheres for a methodologically reliable and valid framework that is culturally sensitive in this situation. The purpose of the article is to acquaint qualitative researchers, including physician-researchers, with the fundamentals of qualitative study being carried out in various languages for rigorous and reliable results. This has been amply presented in the article with practical application of fundamentals from planning to publication. These fundamentals are reflexivity, positionality, empathy, and conceptual equivalence. These have been systematically applied to all the aspects of the research process, starting from creation of the informed consent documents and interview guide, and continuing through the interview process, including interpretation, translation, analysis of data and publication. An effort has also been made to provide logical solutions for the impediments likely to be faced in the process. A qualitative practitioner undertaking multi-lingual, cross-cultural research will gain broadly from this article and develop a transparent methodology.
multilingual, interpreter, translator, fundamentals, reflexivity, positionality, sensitivity, qualitative research
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Recommended APA Citation
Verma, S. J., Gulati, P., Dhiman, V. K., & Pandian, J. D. (2023). Rigor and Reliability of Qualitative Research Conducted in Various Languages: Fundamentals and Their Application. The Qualitative Report, 28(3), 960-975. https://doi.org/10.46743/2160-3715/2023.5102
Dr. Shweta jain Verma: 0000-0001- 7921-4754; Dr. Puja Gulati: 0000-0001- 7921-4754; Mr. Vishav Kumar Dhiman: 0000-0001-9377-0423; Dr. Jeyaraj Durai Pandian: 0000-0001- 7921-4754