In English as Foreign Language (EFL) learning, the learners’ identities have been intriguing to be explored by the linguists. Norton (2010) argues English learning does not deal with knowledge and skill acquisition alone, instead it also comprises a complex process of the learners’ identities, constructions, and reconstructions. Hence, English learning enables the shaping of English learners’ multiple identities. This study was conducted in one of the Islamic universities (IU) in Malang, Indonesia. The multilingual and multicultural contexts of Indonesia is a crucial factor to conduct this study. These social conditions do also underpin the constructions of English learners’ multiple identities in Indonesia (Wahyudi, 2018a). Hence, this study is intended to sketch out English learners’ multiple identities constructions in the globalization (Anjanillah, 2019). In order to reach the goal, this study employed Pennycook’s (2000) analytical framework dealing with English global positions and Gao’s (2014) article on English learners’ identity prototypes. This study belongs to Critical Applied Linguistics (CAL) since it attempts to conceive the possible implications of English spread in global context on English learners’ multiple identities (Pennycook, 2001). The findings uncover English learners at IU performed myriad and contradictory identities (Anjanillah, 2019).


English as Foreign Language (EFL) learners’ multiple identities, English global positions, Critical Applied Linguistics (CAL), case study

Author Bio(s)

Farah Anjanillah gained her undergraduate degree from English Literature Department at UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim, Malang, Indonesia. Correspondence regarding this article can be addressed directly to: farah.anjanillah@gmail.com.

Ribut Wahyudi, M.Ed., Ph.D. is Farah’s undergraduate thesis supervisor. He received his Ph.D. from Victoria University of Wellington and is currently a lecturer at UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim, Malang, Indonesia. He has published his articles, among others, with Palgrave Macmillan (2016; 2017) and Routledge (2018, with Chusna), Multilingual Matters (2021, forthcoming) and Springer (2021, forthcoming). Correspondence regarding this article can also be addressed directly to: ribut@bsi.uin-malang.ac.id.

Dr. Syafiyah, M.A., is the main examiner of Farah’s undergraduate thesis. She earned her master’s degree from University of Canberra and her doctorate from State University of Malang. She is currently an associate professor and the Dean at Faculty of Humanities, UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang, Indonesia. Correspondence regarding this article can also be addressed directly to: vikyahya@yahoo.com.


This work is the summary of Farah’s unpublished undergraduate thesis. Due to the complexity of its content, so this work is only focused on the multiple identities of English learners in global perspectives. Meanwhile, the subjectivity of English learners would be written in the separate paper.

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