Piles of litter on the beach polluting the sea have become one of the global problems at this time. Indonesia is an archipelago country whose coastline is inhabited by tribes who have been living as fishermen for hundreds of years. Therefore, it is important to understand what the cultural perception of the fishing community is regarding the litter problem. This study aimed to figure out the perception of the fishing community in Madurese culture regarding the litter on the beach. By adhering to the phenomenological paradigm, the researchers chose four fishing families in Madura, conducted semi-structured interviews and observations, as well as analyzed the data. We conducted Creswell and Poth’s qualitative data analysis spiral. The found that the Madurese fishing community perceives coastal litter as (a) a physical problem, (b) a human-God relational problem, and (c) an individual-government relational problem. In short, the community's perceptions of the litter on the beach are related to their beliefs about the position of humans, nature, and God.


cultural perception, coastal litter, Madurese fishing community, qualitative analysis spiral

Author Bio(s)

Habibi is a researcher of Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta and an expert in the fields of learning theory, culture, and education science. Correspondence regarding this article can be addressed to habibi0047pasca2016@student.uny.ac.id.

Gusti Putu Suryadarma is a lecturer and researcher at Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta. He is an expert in the fields of ethnoecology, culture, and education science.

Insih Wilujeng is a lecturer and researcher at Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta. She is an expert in the fields of literacy and science education.


The authors gratefully acknowledge LPDP for the funding through Beasiswa Unggulan Dosen Indonesia Dalam Negeri (BUDI DN). Additionally, we would like to thank the reviewers and The Qualitative Report for giving us a chance to publish our article.

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