Students with ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) often experience academic and social problems at school because of their behavior problems. The teacher becomes one of the main figures who can help students with ADHD in the school. However, research about problem in students with ADHD from teachers’ perspective has limited empirical evidence in Indonesia. In the study, we explored the perception and experiences of teacher towards problem in students with ADHD and how teachers handle the problem in school. We conducted case study using semi-structured interview with purposive sampling technique for 38 elementary school teachers in Indonesia. We found that most teachers still lacking knowledge about ADHD. Students with ADHD had several problems including problem with themselves, problem in social relation, problem in academic, negative behavior problem, negative label from the surroundings problem. The teacher’s intervention in dealing student with ADHD were using learning strategies, cooperation with parent and expert, arise awareness to the surrounding about ADHD and suggestion for doing treatment. Our study seeds light that teachers need to improve their knowledge and awareness by finding information about ADHD, understanding about problem in student with ADHD and how to handle the problem more appropriate to provide the best service for student with ADHD. Supporting policy from school and government is needed to provide training program for teachers to handle student with ADHD adequately.
Teachers, Students with ADHD, Elementary School, Indonesia, Case Study
The researchers extend their gratitude to Research, Technology and Higher Learning Ministry (KEMENRISTEKDIKTI) and Indonesia endowment fund for education, abbreviated as LPDP (Lembaga Pengelola Dana Pendidikan) from the Indonesian ministry of finance who have provided funding assistance in this study as part of a research dissertation in the form of a BUDI-DN a full-ride scholarship of Excellence for Indonesian Lecturers. Authors are also thankful for the valuable comments and suggestions made by editor and reviewer team of The Qualitative Report.
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Recommended APA Citation
Indri Hapsari, I., Iskandarsyah, A., Joefiani, P., & R Siregar, J. (2020). Teacher and Problem in Student with ADHD in Indonesia : A Case Study. The Qualitative Report, 25(11), 4104-4126. Retrieved from https://nsuworks.nova.edu/tqr/vol25/iss11/17