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Abstract

Students with ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) often experience academic and social problems at school because of their behavior problems. The teacher becomes one of the main figures who can help students with ADHD in the school. However, research about problem in students with ADHD from teachers’ perspective has limited empirical evidence in Indonesia. In the study, we explored the perception and experiences of teacher towards problem in students with ADHD and how teachers handle the problem in school. We conducted case study using semi-structured interview with purposive sampling technique for 38 elementary school teachers in Indonesia. We found that most teachers still lacking knowledge about ADHD. Students with ADHD had several problems including problem with themselves, problem in social relation, problem in academic, negative behavior problem, negative label from the surroundings problem. The teacher’s intervention in dealing student with ADHD were using learning strategies, cooperation with parent and expert, arise awareness to the surrounding about ADHD and suggestion for doing treatment. Our study seeds light that teachers need to improve their knowledge and awareness by finding information about ADHD, understanding about problem in student with ADHD and how to handle the problem more appropriate to provide the best service for student with ADHD. Supporting policy from school and government is needed to provide training program for teachers to handle student with ADHD adequately.

Keywords

Teachers, Students with ADHD, Elementary School, Indonesia, Case Study

Author Bio(s)

Iriani Indri Hapsari (ORCD ID:0000-0002-1026-0215) is doctoral student at Faculty of Psychology, Padjadjaran University. He also works as a lecturer at the Jakarta State University, Faculty on education psychology. His research interests include psychology and education, especially related to child development, special needs education, well-being and parenting. Please direct correspondence to iriani17001@mail.unpad.ac.id or Iriani@unj.ac.id.

Aulia Iskandarsyah, PhD (ORCID ID 0000-0002-9526-6922) is a health and clinical psychologist who currently works as a lecturer and researcher at the Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia. His expertise and research focus on clinical and health psychology, psychotherapy, qualitative research and mixed-method, in particular on health behavior, behavior change, psychosocial problem related to illness, psycho-education, quality of life, and well-being. Please direct correspondence to a.iskandarsyah@unpad.ac.id.

Dr. Poeti Joefiani, M.Psi, Psikolog is a child and clinical psychologist who currently works as a lecturer and researcher at the Department of Child Psychology, Faculty of Psychology Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia. Her expertise and research focus on moral development, wellbeing, child, adolescent development and ADHD. Please direct correspondence to poeti.psi@gmail.com.

Prof. Dr. Juke R Siregar, M.Pd, Psikolog is a child and clinical psychologist who currently works as a lecturer and researcher at the Department of Child Psychology, Faculty of Psychology Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia. Her expertise and research focus on child, adolescent with ADHD & family; child, adolescent and family development; and wellbeing. Please direct correspondence to Jukesiregar@yahoo.co.id.

Acknowledgements

The researchers extend their gratitude to Research, Technology and Higher Learning Ministry (KEMENRISTEKDIKTI) and Indonesia endowment fund for education, abbreviated as LPDP (Lembaga Pengelola Dana Pendidikan) from the Indonesian ministry of finance who have provided funding assistance in this study as part of a research dissertation in the form of a BUDI-DN a full-ride scholarship of Excellence for Indonesian Lecturers. Authors are also thankful for the valuable comments and suggestions made by editor and reviewer team of The Qualitative Report.

Publication Date

11-22-2020

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 License.

ORCID ID

0000-0002-1026-0215

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