In this paper, we review systematically the role of problem-based learning (PBL) in developing soft skills in Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) and other fields of studies. The Systematic Literature Review (SLR) includes the most recent empirical, review, and conceptual studies from TVET and other multiple fields of studies including medicine, humanities, and engineering between the years of 2001 and 2016 collected from four databases. A qualitative method was used to accomplish the systematic review. After the collection of articles, the selected studies were analyzed through thematic analysis. From this review, we concluded that PBL as an instructional approach has a significant role in the development of soft skills among students of various disciplines including TVET; empirical evidence is predominantly conclusive in identifying the acquisitions of various soft skills including communication skills, conflict resolution skills, leadership skills, and interpersonal skills, and finally, several factors might influence the relationship of PBL and soft skills such as duration and process of PBL instruction, role of facilitator, and awareness and training of learners. Moreover, there are fewer number of empirical studies on the role and effects of PBL approach to developing soft skills in TVET.
Problem-Based Learning, Soft Skills, Innovative Approaches; Systematic Literature Review, Skills Development, TVET
We, all the authors would like to acknowledge the high ups of Comsats University Islamabad and Higher Education Commission Islamabad, Pakistan for providing us the consistent encouragement and as well as a platform to work in collaboration for research initiatives and professional development.
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Recommended APA Citation
Deep, S., Ahmed, A., Suleman, N., Abbas, M., Naza, U., Shaheen, H., & Razzaq, A. (2020). The Problem-Based Learning Approach towards Developing Soft Skills: A Systematic Review. The Qualitative Report, 25(11), 4029-4054. https://doi.org/10.46743/2160-3715/2020.4114
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