This article addresses the first author’s experience of identifying as both Māori and Pākehā in Aotearoa New Zealand. Based on her own research using both kaupapa research theory and heuristic research method, and supervised by the second author, the article describes her negotiation of the experience of being a hybrid cultural subject and object, of belonging and not belonging. The article extends the practice and understanding of cross-cultural research on a number of levels: the intrapsychic (i.e., within the principal investigator herself), the interpersonal (i.e., between the researcher and supervisor), and the methodological (i.e., between an indigenous and a Western theory).


Māori, Pākehā, Kaupapa Research Theory, Heuristic Research Method, Cultural Hybridity, Aotearoa New Zealand

Author Bio(s)

Currently Niki lives and works in Queenstown New Zealand with her husband Matthew and her children. She works as a private practice psychotherapist and is the Family Violence Coordinator for the region. Niki is on a journey learning Te Reo Maori. As well as family and work, Niki is active in her community highlighting social discrepancies at a local political level. Niki is on the board of the local high school that her children attend. Correspondence regarding this article can be addressed directly to: Niki Grennell-Hawke, 10 Herries Lane, Lake Hayes Estate, Queenstown 9304, New Zealand; Email: Niki.grennell@gmail.com.

Keith Tudor is Professor of Psychotherapy at Auckland University of Technology. He is a qualified social worker and psychotherapist. He is the editor of Psychotherapy and Politics International, and the co-editor, with Alayne Hall, of Ata: Journal of Psychotherapy Aotearoa New Zealand. He is the author and editor of over 250 publications, including 13 books. Correspondence regarding this article can also be addressed directly to: Dr. Keith Tudor, School of Public Health & Psychosocial Studies, Faculty of Health & Environmental Sciences, Auckland University of Technology, Private Bag 92006, Auckland 1142, Aotearoa New Zealand; Email: keith.tudor@aut.ac.nz.

Publication Date


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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 International License.





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