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Abstract

The present study attempts to justify the factors inducing stress in the families of patients hospitalized in cardiac intensive care units in the east of Guilan province in Iran. The study aims at gaining an accurate understanding on these stressors for appropriate planning directed at removing or decreasing these tension-inducing components. The present study is a qualitative study based upon a conventional content analysis approach. The study population was selected through purposive sampling (28 family members of cardiac patients), and the data were gathered through semi-structured interviews. Data analysis was performed as per the stages recommended by Graneheim and Lundman (2004). The strength and scientific accuracy of the study was also established. The study yielded three main themes and seven sub-themes: Heavy shadow of illness (fear of loneliness on the caring path, fear of disease, poor personal knowledge); Hesitation in the treatment (doubting the efficiency of technology, ungenial healthcare providers); and Economic storm (high cost of treatment, potential economic problems). The study results indicated that patients’ families underwent stress in various areas, pointing to the need for providing adequate training and information on the disease to family members and caregivers, as well as the sympathy of healthcare providers on the treatment path for reducing the disease-associated tensions suffered by hospitalized patients’ families.

Keywords

Cardiac, CCU, Family, Stressor, Descriptive Qualitative Research, Iran

Author Bio(s)

Parand Pourghane, PhD., is an Assistant Professor in Department of Nursing in the Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery at Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran. Her areas of research include education, cardiac rehabilitation and qualitative studies, Content analysis. Correspondence regarding this article can be addressed directly to: p.pourghane@yahoo.com.

Maryam Rajab pour Nikfam, M.S., is an instructor in Department of Nursing in the Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery at Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran. Her areas of research include education, qualitative studies, Content analysis and Intensive Care. Correspondence regarding this article can also be addressed directly to: rajabpur.maryam@yahoo.com.

Abbas Ebadi, PhD., is an Associate Professor in Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. His areas of research include Qualitative studies, Instrument Development, Nursing education and Nursing Management. Correspondence regarding this article can also be addressed directly to: ebadi1347@yahoo.com.

Acknowledgements

Researchers of the present study would like to express her gratitude to all the participants for their contribution and commitment to the study and sharing their experiences. The present study is result of the program ratified by Guilan University of Medical Sciences in Iran under the code IR.GUMS.REC. 417 dated 25th January 2016. Researchers of the present study would also like to express their gratitude to the research deputy of Guilan University of Medical Sciences in Iran for their financial support.

Publication Date

7-2-2018

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 License.

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