This study focuses on the selected factors affecting teachers’ implementation of the Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) curriculum in secondary schools in Bangladesh. The study is explorative, interpretivist, and qualitative in nature. A phenomenology approach, under qualitative method, was adopted to explore how teachers experience the phenomenon of CLT based curriculum change. Four schools were chosen, two from Dhaka (Urban), the capital of the country, and two from the villages in Chandpur (Rural). Eight selected participants were chosen from these schools based on a purposive sampling. Semi-structured interviews, classroom observation and document analysis of curriculum, assessment, and teaching materials were the instruments of data collection. The finding of the study suggests that the shift from traditional Grammar Translation Method (GTM) to CLT was needed a positive outlook from all the selected factors in the context of change; however, this did not happen. Numerous factors such as, needs of classroom teachers, complexities regarding the mismatch of teaching syllabus and material with assessment, unequipped classrooms, and quality of teacher development facilities have challenged teachers to implement CLT as it was intended in the curriculum. The study suggests some recommendations to ensure the effective implementation of CLT curriculum. Future research is also recommended based on other factors and stakeholders.
English Language Teaching (ELT), Communicative Language Teaching (CLT), Curriculum Implementation, English as a Foreign Language (EFL), Teacher Quality, Teachers Education, Qualitative Method, Phenomenology Approach
We acknowledge respective school teachers to participate in the study and school’s principals to allow collecting data from their schools. We also acknowledge the permission to conduct research by school of Languages, Literacies and Translation, Universiti Sains Malaysia.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 License.
Recommended APA Citation
Rahman, M. M., Pandian, A., & Kaur, M. (2018). Factors Affecting Teachers’ Implementation of Communicative Language Teaching Curriculum in Secondary Schools in Bangladesh. The Qualitative Report, 23(5), 1104-1126. Retrieved from https://nsuworks.nova.edu/tqr/vol23/iss5/6