This study attempts to add to the understanding and metatheory of the therapeutic process through the analysis of a therapeutic session through the lens of the biopsychosocial model. The study examines which interventions were utilized, in what system, and during which stage of therapy. In order to accomplish this goal, a recursive frame analysis was utilized to track the different frames and interventions of Virginia Satir’s “Of Rocks and Flowers” training session. Results indicated that Satir operated at all three levels of the biopsychosocial system and utilized exploratory questions to assess the vicious cycle in Act I, in Act II she has the family work on communication patterns and reframing their perceptions, and helps them change their interactional patterns and connect with each other differently through sensory based exercises. This study shows the importance of utilizing qualitative methodologies like RFA to help develop a comprehensive theory as quantitative methodologies offer advantages in viewing the broad strokes of the picture, qualitative methodologies and specifically RFA, are essential in developing the fine detail of the picture.


Satir, Biopsychosocial Model, General System Theory, Metatheory, Common Factors, Recursive Frame Analysis, Interventions

Author Bio(s)

Daniel J. Pelak is a PhD student in the University of Louisiana at Monroe Marriage and Family Therapy program. He is a licensed professional counselor (LPC) in the state of Colorado and has been actively practicing since 2007. Correspondence concerning this article can be addressed to Daniel Pelak at email eternalparadox9669@yahoo.com.

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