The investigation examined the understanding of spirituality as related to the sense of self. Self-reports from semi-structured interviews of participants with a stated value for spirituality are analyzed inductively. Using a Rogerian understanding of self, the analysis identified six themes related to how participants understand spirituality as related to their sense of self. The themes demonstrate that spirituality is a key dimension to self understanding and is part of relationships, social engagement, an understanding of meaning and purpose in life, and an overall sense of happiness and joy.


Spirituality, Self, Inductive Analysis

Author Bio(s)

Dr. Louis F. Kavar is lead faculty member for qualitative research in General Psychology, the Department of Psychology, Capella University. He holds a master of arts in spirituality from Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, and a Ph.D. in counseling psychology from the University of Pittsburgh. An ordained minister in the United Church of Christ, he is the author of seven books including The Integrated Self: A Holistic Approach to Spirituality and Mental Health Practice. Correspondence regarding this article can be addressed directly to: Louis F. Kavar at his E-mail: lou@loukavar.com

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