This paper examines the vocabulary, grammar structures and rhetorical devices that appear in Edward Emerson’s journal based on his trip to the Caribbean. The end-in-view is to identify the devices that Emerson utilized, mostly unconsciously, in his depiction and construction of others; in the case of this journal, of the peoples he encountered in the Caribbean. The methodological approach of critical discourse analysis guides this examination.


Edward Bliss Emerson, West Indies, St. Croix, Puerto Rico, New England, Othering


The author received no funding for this project and has no conflict of interest to report.

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