A guide book and a research model – Doing Excellent Small - Scale Research (Layder, 2013) provides both. First, Professor Layder has written a book that is just what he intended: “an introductory guide” for research students. It provides a process for clearly defining problem and topic questions, advice regarding research designs, methods for data collection and analysis, real - life examples, and a logical sequence tying everything together. Second, the author offers an Adaptive Research Model as a practical approach for conducting social research. This model and this book are recommended (by the reviewer) for research students and teachers, both undergraduate - and graduate - level.


Adaptive Research, Orienting Concepts, Problem Questions, Research Logs, Social, Research

Publication Date


Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 License.


Submission Location


To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.