The need for research synthesis grows along with the volume of contemporary published scholarship. Reporting such synthesis warrants rigorous guidelines for preparing these important, information-rich documents that make statements concerning the state of knowledge about a topic, gaps in knowledge, or the aggregation or integration of primary research. Cooper’s revised and expanded fourth edition of Research Synthesis and Meta­Analysis: A Step-by-Step Approach (2010) provides these needed guidelines with special attention given to the threats to validity at all steps of the research synthesis process.


Quantitative, Qualitative, Research Synthesis, Systematic, Guidelines, Meta-Analysis, Synthesist, Validity

Author Bio(s)

Carla Hansen, RN, is a student in the Qualitative Research Graduate Certificate program at Nova Southeastern University. Her research interests are mostly in the field of neuropsychology; specifically, laterality related to academic or motor learning, physical health behaviors, environmental health behaviors, and spirituality. She can be contacted at marshall569@gmail.com.

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Original volume and issue number from The Qualitative Weekly, an offshoot publication of The Qualitative Report which has been folded into the primary journal: Volume 2, Issue 52


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