Date of Award


Document Type

Thesis - NSU Access Only

Degree Name

Education Specialist


Center for the Advancement of Education


Bilingual Education, Communication Skills, Disadvantage, Inner City Prefirst Grade Students, Elementary Education, Language Skills, Limited English Proficient, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Revise, Prefirst Grade, Vocabulary, Vocabulary Development.


The purpose of this project was to improve the academic performance of transitional first grade students by developing the students’ oral vocabularies. The researcher developed a 12 week vocabulary development curriculum; by using a natural language approach 104 words were introduced. The classroom teacher presented the daily 20 minute lessons. Pre- and post-implementation vocabulary ages were measured with the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Revised (PPVT-R). Pretest vocabulary ages ranged from two years and zero months to five years and four months. Final test results indicated the vocabulary ages of the 19 participating students increased and average of 11 months. Individual student improvement ranged from three months to 22 months. The oral language patterns of the participating students were English, Spanish, and bilingual Spanish. The author has recommended a similar program be implemented in kindergarten and transitional firs grade to attempt a correlation of vocabulary and chronological ages to enhance student potential. Appendices include vocabulary list and two sample lessons.

To access this thesis/dissertation you must have a valid OR email address and create an account for NSUWorks.

Free My Thesis

If you are the author of this work and would like to grant permission to make it openly accessible to all, please click the Free My Thesis button.

Included in

Education Commons