College of Psychology: Faculty Articles

Title

Understanding The Relations Between Different Forms Of Racial Prejudice: A Cognitive Consistency Perspective

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

5-2008

Keywords

Aversive Racism, Cognitive Consistency, Implicit Prejudice, Modern Racism, Old-Fashioned Racism

Publication Title

Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

ISSN

0146-1672

Volume

34

Issue/No.

5

Abstract

Research on racial prejudice is currently characterized by the existence of diverse concepts (e.g., implicit prejudice, old-fashioned racism, modern racism, aversive racism) that are not well integrated from a general perspective. The present article proposes an integrative framework for these concepts employing a cognitive consistency perspective. Specifically, it is argued that the

reliance on immediate affective reactions toward racial minority groups in evaluative judgments about these groups depends on the consistency of this evaluation with other relevant beliefs pertaining to central components of old-fashioned, modern, and aversive forms of prejudice. A central prediction of the proposed framework is that the relation between “implicit” and “explicit” prejudice should be moderated by the interaction of egalitarianism-related, nonprejudicial goals and perceptions of discrimination. This prediction was confirmed in a series of three studies. Implications for research on prejudice are discussed.

DOI

10.1177/0146167207313729

Peer Reviewed

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