Faculty Articles

Characterization of Physical Function and Cancer-Related Physical Impairments in Hispanic Women With Breast Cancer: A Descriptive Study.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-20-2023

Publication Title

Hisp Health Care Int

ISSN or ISBN

1938-8993

Volume

21

Issue/Number

4

First Page

195

ISSN

1938-8993

Last Page

202

Abstract/Excerpt

Introduction: This study reports characteristics of Hispanic women with breast cancer with respect to physical function, body mass index (BMI), and depression. Methods: This retrospective study included 322 Hispanic women with breast cancer. Physical function and fatigue were assessed using the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement System-Physical Function (PROMIS-PF) short form and PROMIS-Fatigue (PROMISE-F) short form. In addition, Timed Up and Go (TUG) test, sit to stand in 30 s (STS30) test, four-stage balance test (4SB), and grip strength (GS) were measured. Depression was identified using Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-2 and extracted from medical chart. Results: Nearly 40.8% were obese, and 20.8% had depression. Compared to normal BMI patients, mean PROMIS-F score was significantly higher among overweight and obese patients. The mean STS30 score was significantly lower in obese patients, compared to normal BMI patients. Regression analysis showed that the odds of depression were higher with increasing TUG and lower PROMIS-F, STS30, and GS. Conclusion: Hispanic women with breast cancer have substantial loss of physical function, and this is exaggerated if they are obese, overweight, or depressed. Clinicians caring for this population should screen them for the presence of loss of physical function, BMI, and depression.

DOI

10.1177/15404153231183447

Comments

© The Author(s) 2023.

PubMed ID

37340714

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Peer Reviewed

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