Applicability of the SMART model of transition readiness for sickle cell disease
Journal of Pediatric Psychology
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the applicability of the Social-ecological Model of Adolescent and Young Adult Readiness to Transition (SMART) model for adolescents and young adults (AYA) with sickle-cell disease (SCD). METHODS: 14 AYA with SCD (14-24 years old) and 10 clinical experts (6-20 years of experience) completed semi-structured interviews. AYA completed brief questionnaires. Interviews were coded for themes, which were reviewed to determine their fit within the SMART model. RESULTS: Overall, most themes were consistent with the model (e.g., sociodemographics/culture, neurocognition/IQ, etc.). Factors related to race/culture, pain management, health-care navigation skills, societal stigma, and lack of awareness about SCD were salient for AYA with SCD. CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest the SMART model may be appropriate in SCD with the consideration of disease-related stigma. This study is a step toward developing a disease-specific model of transition readiness for SCD. Future directions include the development of a measure of transition readiness for this population.
Pow Sang, C. D.
(2015). Applicability of the SMART model of transition readiness for sickle cell disease. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 41(5), 543-554.
Available at: http://nsuworks.nova.edu/cps_facarticles/988