Department of Conflict Resolution Studies Theses and Dissertations

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Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Conflict Analysis & Resolution


College of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences – Department of Conflict Resolution Studies

First Advisor

Michelle Ward

Second Advisor

Dustin Berna

Third Advisor

Neil Katz

Fourth Advisor

Mary Hope Schwoebel


Marxist Theory, occupation, organized labor, regulations, union leadership, union membership


The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine how private-sector union members and union leaders viewed the changes in organized labor in the United States over the past ten years. This study explored the impact of union membership decline in the United States labor force through the perceptions of union members and union leaders. There were four macro-level factors examined in this study: a move in dominant occupations from manufacturing to service-orientated work; changes in federal and state regulation; the ability, flexibility, and success of union leadership; and the aggressive counter-union moves of business management. This study was constructed using linear regression and two conceptional frameworks of Marxist Theory and Exit Voice Theory.