Department of Conflict Resolution Studies Theses and Dissertations

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


College of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences – Department of Conflict Resolution Studies

First Advisor

Dustin D. Berna

Second Advisor

Neil H. Katz

Third Advisor

Mary Hope Schwoebel


gender-friendly work environments, job, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, labor market, Saudi women, support


Advancing awareness of the workforce and job issues faced by women in the KSA will encourage HRM departments to enhance Saudi women's work experience by implementing more gender-friendly work environments, practices, and processes. Therefore, the researcher decided to implement this research to shed light on the role of Saudi women working in community development, to identify the most important challenges and issues facing Saudi women working in new unconventional jobs, and to discuss methods that can be followed to reduce these challenges and issues. To achieve this, the researcher used a descriptive-analytical approach and qualitative research methods (interviews). The interviews were conducted with 10 Saudi women working in new, non-traditional jobs. The study reached a number of results, most notably that Saudi society still rejects the work of Saudi women and their participation in the labor market. The results also confirmed that the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia seeks to provide suitable job opportunities for Saudi women and to integrate them into the labor market. In addition, the results confirmed that the family plays an important role in supporting working Saudi women and helping them achieve career and professional excellence. In light of this, the researcher recommended the necessity of changing Saudi society's view of working Saudi women. The need to make many transformative changes in employment methods and to achieve equal employment opportunities between women and men.