Title

Giant Deep-Sea Protist Produces Bilaterian-like Traces

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-9-2008

Publication Title

Current Biology

ISSN

0960-9822

Volume

18

Issue/No.

23

First Page

1849

Last Page

1854

Abstract

One of the strongest paleontological arguments in favor of the origin of bilaterally symmetrical animals (Bilateria) prior to their obvious and explosive appearance in the fossil record in the early Cambrian, 542 million years ago, is the occurrence of trace fossils shaped like elongated sinuous grooves or furrows in the Precambrian [1-5]. Being restricted to the seafloor surface, these traces are relatively rare and of limited diversity, and they do not show any evidence of the use of hard appendages [2, 6]. They are commonly attributed to the activity of the early nonskeletonized bilaterians or, alternatively, large cnidarians such as sea anemones or sea pens. Here we describe macroscopic groove-like traces produced by a living giant protist and show that these traces bear a remarkable resemblance to the Precambrian trace fossils, including those as old as 1.8 billion years. This is the first evidence that organisms other than multicellular animals can produce such traces, and it prompts re-evaluation of the significance of Precambrian trace fossils as evidence of the early diversification of Bilateria. Our observations also render indirect support to the highly controversial interpretation of the enigmatic Ediacaran biota of the late Precambrian as giant protists [7, 8].

Comments

©2008 Elsevier Ltd., All rights reserved

Additional Comments

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Office of Ocean Exploration grant #: NA07OAR46000289

DOI

10.1016/j.cub.2008.10.028

Peer Reviewed

Find in your library

Share

COinS