Debra Guthmann


There are numerous models and approaches used to treat chemical dependency. The majority of these programs are used with hearing people, and there is a lack of experience in the use of these models within the deaf and hard of hearing community. This article will focus on the Twelve Step model, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Model and the Bio-Psycho- Social Model (Social Program Model). A discussion and comparison with the harm reduction model will also be discussed.