Chief Justice Marshall articulated this fundamental canon of U.S. statutory construction, reflective of customary international law, in 1804 in Murray v. Schooner Charming Betsy, an admiralty case commonly referred to as the "Charming Betsy" case.
"The Extraterritorial Application Of Antitrust Laws,"
ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law: Vol. 11
, Article 18.
Available at: https://nsuworks.nova.edu/ilsajournal/vol11/iss2/18