HCBE Faculty Articles

Title

Negative Affectivity: Moderator or Confound in Emotional Dissonance-Outcome Relationships?

Document Type

Article

Date

1999

Publication Title

The Journal of Psychology (Interdisciplinary and Applied)

ISSN or ISBN

1940-1019

Volume

133

Issue

1

First Page

61

Last Page

72

Description

This study was an examination of the impact of negative affectivity on relationships between emotional dissonance, job satisfaction, and emotional exhaustion. Negative affectivity is the predisposition to view life in negative terms. Emotional dissonance originates from the conflict between expressed and experienced emotions. In organizations that require the expression of positive emotions, high negative affectivity individuals may experience conflict between expressed, positive emotions and felt, negative emotions. A moderator effect exists when high negative affectivity individuals experience greater job dissatisfaction and emotional exhaustion. Alternatively, negative affectivity may exert a confounding effect through its relationship to both emotional dissonance and its outcomes. Empirical tests showed that negative affectivity moderated the emotional dissonance-job satisfaction relationship and confounded the emotional dissonance—emotional exhaustion relationship.

DOI

10.1080/00223989909599722

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