Corporate fraud and industry peer effects on IPO underpricing
International Journal of Managerial Finance
ISSN or ISBN
Existing studies suggest that negative impacts emanating from corporate fraud revelations may diffuse to other firms through lower trust and lower market participation. Extending this literature stream, the authors examine whether corporate fraud revelations are associated with higher costs of raising capital through initial public offerings (IPOs) for industry peers.
The authors employ several analysis techniques including univariate analysis, multivariate regressions, propensity score matching methodology, and probit estimation. The sample consists of 3,015 US IPO firms for the 1996–2021 period.
By adopting US private securities class action lawsuits as a proxy for the presence of corporate fraud, the authors find that fraud revelations are associated with higher IPO underpricing, higher post-IPO stock return volatility and increased likelihood of withdrawal from the offering for industry peers. The findings are robust to alternative industry definitions and litigation proxies and to the inclusion of a battery of controls, including industry, state and year fixed effects.
This study presents private firms with an additional industry litigation factor to consider when assessing the marginal costs of going public.
Palkar, Darshana, "Corporate fraud and industry peer effects on IPO underpricing" (2023). HCBE Faculty Articles. 1173.