Epidemiology and Pathophysiology of Common Skin Diseases in West Africa: An Immunodermatological Framework
Master of Science
Dr. Mir Saleem
Dr. Emily Schmitt
This capstone reviews the common skin diseases on a global scale. With these dermatoses being further funneled into Africa and then magnified into common West African dermatoses, the meta-analyses of literature available paints a clear picture of the epidemiological & pathological factors and their contribution to the skin disease. Each article analysed in this analysis was taken from a 20-year span of January 2000 to December 2019. The selection of articles was fine-tuned by identifying the distribution of skin disease, revealing the populations affected (age, gender, ethnicity, etc), the main causes, country of origin, the prognosis of disease, and the pathology of the specific skin condition. The top 15 common skin diseases of West-Africa ranked by count and relative frequency are Atopic Dermatitis (RF: 7.49%), Pityriasis (Tinea) Versicolor (RF: 4.94%), Acne Vulgaris (RF: 3.73%), Papular Urticaria (RF: 3.47%), Tinea (unspecified dermatophytosis) (RF: 2.94%), Contact Dermatitis (RF: 2.94%), Scabies (RF: 2.76%), Seborhheic Dermatitis (RF: 2.50%), Pityriasis Rosea (RF: 2.26%), Urticaria (2.18%), Human Pappilomavirus / Viral Warts (1.85%), Tinea Capitis (RF: 1.80%), Lichen Planus (1.77%), Vitiligo (RF: 1.77%) and Lichen Simplex Chronicus (RF: 1.45%). Moreover, each epidemiological and pathophysiological/pathological factor plays a role in skin disease, and unveiling the methods, such as potential immunotherapies and public health initiatives, to alleviate the burden of these dermatoses are at the forefront of continuing this research.
Osazomon Imarenezor. 2020. Epidemiology and Pathophysiology of Common Skin Diseases in West Africa: An Immunodermatological Framework. Capstone. Nova Southeastern University. Retrieved from NSUWorks, . (29)
Clinical Epidemiology Commons, Digestive, Oral, and Skin Physiology Commons, Epidemiology Commons, Immunopathology Commons, Medical Immunology Commons, Medical Physiology Commons, Public Health Education and Promotion Commons, Skin and Connective Tissue Diseases Commons