Date of Award


Document Type

Thesis - NSU Access Only

Degree Name

Master of Science


Center for the Advancement of Education


Elementary Education, Verbal Learning, Learning Style, Peer Teaching, Indian Education, Primary Education, Elementary


This report describes an alternative program for building self-love among Native American para-alcoholic, elementary school age children. There is a need to increase awareness of the para- alcoholic behaviors existing in young Native American students. The epidemic of alcoholism on the reservation affects all the children and increases the need for nurturing and love. In a culture where touch is limited, prevention strategies are important. The dysfunctional home and community environment should not interfere in a child's ability to learn. Co-dependent children deal daily with their public self and real self, and need outlets to relieve their tensions. The Love Bug model was designed to encourage self-expression in cultural ways, to promote self-love, a form of detachment from alcohol and low self-esteem. The Love Bug will nurture the Indian to touch again his inner roots of love, no longer imitating his impeders. A para-alcoholic student must look to himself to develop patterns of self-love and vision, so that he can deal effectively with his interests, emotions, experiences, and family. Within the classroom setting, educational success will depend largely on the para-alcoholic child's view of self. If he sees himself as a capable and loving person, becoming less inhibited by giving Love Bugs, he will become successful, even in the educational arena. This may be a strategy to promote emotional well-being and educational success. A target group of 20 Native American students were exposed to the model during the implementation plan. Their conclusions, ideas, and reactions, along with responses from key tribal members and educators assisted in the development of the final model.

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