Health Literacy Predicts Participant Understanding of Orally-Presenting Informed Consent Information
Clinical Research and Trials
Informed consent for participation in studies with human subjects is a critically important aspect of clinical research, but research has shown that many potential subjects do not understand information relevant to their participation. A better understanding of factors related to participant understanding of study-related information is thus important. As part of a study to develop a new measure of health literacy, participants viewed a 50 second video in their preferred language (Spanish or English) of a clinician presenting informed consent information. They then responded to six questions about it. In progressively more complicated regression models, we evaluated the relation of demographic variables, general cognitive ability, and health literacy to participants' recall of the information. In a model that only included demographic variables, Spanish language, black race and older age were associated with poorer performance. In a model that included the effects of general cognitive ability and health literacy as well as demographics, education and health literacy were related to performance. Informed consent interventions that take potential research subjects' levels of health literacy into account may result in better understanding of research-related information that can inform their decision to participate.
Ownby, R. L.,
(2015). Health Literacy Predicts Participant Understanding of Orally-Presenting Informed Consent Information. Clinical Research and Trials, 1(1), 15-19.
Available at: https://nsuworks.nova.edu/cps_facarticles/969