Development and Validation of the Post-Operative Recovery Index for Measuring Quality of Recovery after Surgery
Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research
Purpose: Current methods used to quantify aspects of recovery after surgery and anesthesia tend to be narrowly focused, not patient-rated, or have not been appropriately validated. We set out to develop a quality of recovery score system that is self-report and multi-dimensional, with applicability across various surgeries and surgical settings, from immediately post-surgery through discharge and covering the first 30 days of recovery.
Methods: A Post-operative Recovery Index (PoRI) was validated on 225 patients (Nvalidation=96; NCross Validation=129) who had undergone a surgical procedure within the last 30 days. Domain level internal consistency on the validation and cross validation samples yielded coefficients ranging from α=0.813 to α=0.932, while test-retest reliability yielded stability coefficients ranging from r=0.660 to r=0.881. Confirmatory factor analyses demonstrated validity of the factorial structure of the 37-item PoRI on the validation patient sample and confirmed on the cross validation patient sample. Exploratory psychometric analyses provided evidence of an overarching (second-order) “Recovery” factor.
Results: We developed, tested, validated, and cross validated the Post-operative Recovery Index (PoRI) consisting of 37 items assessing symptomatology a patient may experience after surgery.
Conclusion: The PoRI is offered as a valid, multidimensional measure of recovery after surgery and anesthesia with broad applicability in post-surgical settings.
Butler, S. F.,
Black, R. A.,
Fernandez, K. C.,
(2013). Development and Validation of the Post-Operative Recovery Index for Measuring Quality of Recovery after Surgery. Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research, 3(12), 1-8.
Available at: https://nsuworks.nova.edu/cps_facarticles/914