College of Psychology: Faculty Articles

Title

Beliefs about Causes of Substance Abuse: A Comparison of Three Drugs

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1994

Keywords

Adult, Alcoholism, Altruism, Attitude to Health, Cocaine, Internal-External Control, Motivation, Religion and Psychology, Smoking, Substance-Related Disorders

Publication Title

Journal of Substance Abuse

ISSN

0899-3289

Volume

6

Issue/No.

2

Abstract

Respondents were randomly assigned to one of three conditions and completed a questionnaire asking about their beliefs regarding the causes of alcohol abuse, cocaine abuse, or cigarette smoking, and about their humanitarian attitudes toward substance abusers. Three major findings emerged: (a) compared to the other substances of abuse, the disease concept was most strongly endorsed for alcohol abuse, the sin conception for cocaine abuse, and the habit conception for smoking; (b) for alcohol abuse only, endorsement of the disease concept was positively related to humanitarian attitudes; and (c) for all three substance types, the sin conception was negatively related to the expression of humanitarian attitudes. Implications of these findings are discussed.

DOI

10.1016/S0899-3289(94)90241-0

Peer Reviewed

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